The New Covenant

The New Covenant

The Old Covenant was not a good one. If it had been, there would have been no need to look for another. 

God announced that there was a day when the Old Mosaic Covenant would be replaced and upgraded by the New Covenant.

What is the New Covenant?

Prophets such as Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel foretold the days when God would make a new covenant and through that covenant God would forgive sins. It is dfficult to overemphasize the new covenant.

It was the hope set before the OT people of God. The new covenant signified another chance. It was the turning point in history when God would begin to deal with humanity in a different manner. He promised to forgive their sins, give them a new heart and spirit, and then put His Spirit within them, causing them to walk in His ways (Ez. 36:26-27).

What are the promises in the New Covenant?

Everything I have I give to you. Everything you have I receive from you.

Jesus’ full identification with humanity

The Hebraic understanding of covenant entails two parties joining their lives. The covenant means that what one person owns the other person owns. This is similar to a modern marriage in which two people share all possessions.

When Jodie and I got married our two lives were merged. I was a student. I had a student loan. If I had died she would have been liable for my debt.

When Jesus became our covenant partner, our sins, transgressions, and iniquities became His.

Sins = literally means missing the mark.

Transgression = sin, but it is more serious, implying that the transgressor has deliberately crossed a boundary or intentionally disobeyed a known rule.

Iniquity =  Iniquity is sin, but it includes the lasting, corrupting impact of sin upon the soul of an individual. It literally means bend, twist, or distort.

Peter explained that

“He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross” (1 Peter 2:24).

Isaiah wrote that

“the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him” (Is. 53:6).

Jesus not only took on our sins, but He received upon Himself the consequences of our sins – death.

“the wages of sin is death” (Rom. 6:23)

eg. If I was to take a container of a large amount of poison it’s going to kill me. Jesus took into himself all the sins of humanity, like a massive lightening rod. The voltage of our sin, killed Him.

Jesus took our sickness – sickness was a fruit of sin.

Isaiah 53: Surely our sickness He Himself bore,

And our sorrows He carried;

He took our corrupt nature:

When Jesus identified with us that’s what He took from us. In exchange He gave us:

His perfect right standing with God + His right relationship with God

His righteousness

His Health

His Kingdom

His authority

His life (When you were dead in your transgressions . . . He made you alive

together with Him . . . .)

Who is the New Covenant between?

– It is between God and Jesus (Jesus the man)

No New Testament writer speaks of us as being in a covenant relationship with God. 

The New Covenant isn’t mentioned until the Last Supper, and Jesus doesn’t ratify the covenant with His disciples at the dinner, He simply announces that He will be making a New Covenant. There is no covenant blood-shedding ceremony, which takes place.

> We are not responsible to upkeep it. Jesus is.

We receive our benefit not specifically by covenant, but by inheritance. “For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance- now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.” Hebrews 9:15

Jesus and the Father made a covenant, and then by marriage (Romans 7:1-6) we received all that Christ received by covenant as our inheritance through His death, and then He came back from the dead to join us and make sure we got by inheritance everything He willed to us.


‘I do’

What is the law of the New Covenant:

Love one another as I have loved you.


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